Blackheads: how to prevent and get rid of them?
THE black dots are part of the small skin blemishes that we would dream of seeing disappear! To say goodbye to them, zoom in on the good habits to adopt, and the cosmetic products to choose.
THE black dots are blackheads that appear when pores are blocked. Stress, hormonal changes, or even high natural sebum production : the reasons which can explain the appearance of these skin problems are many ! So, how to prevent blackheads and get rid of them?
Focus on the right actions to adopt, and the bad habits to avoid!
Black spots: good and bad gestures
For many people, the black dots are a scourge: they are part of the small imperfections skin that we would like to see disappear. But it is sometimes difficult to get rid of it and this sometimes gives rise to inappropriate actions which only make the situation worse. However, there are methods effective and non-aggressive to overcome it. Before knowing what good actions to take, it is useful to know exactly what a black dot and how it is formed.
Blackheads or comedones: where do they come from?
The comedo is an imperfection of the skin, formed by an accumulation of sebaceous matter or sebum (skin fat) which blocks a pore in the skin. The sebum produced in too large a quantity, added to the impurities which penetrate into the pore, forms a blockage called a comedo.
A comedo can be open or closed. When a fine layer of skin appears on the cork, the sebum which has accumulated forms a small white spot called a closed comedo. This is a microcyst that can become inflamed and painful.
On the other hand, the air which comes into contact with the comedo produces a oxidation which gives it a black color, hence its name open comedo or blackhead. These blackheads measure 1 to 3 mm and are mainly located on oily areas of the face, precisely the T zone, at the level of the nose, forehead and chin; but they can also appear on the back and in the ears.
Thus, there are two kinds of blackheads:
- the open comedo which appears with acne, caused by the accumulation of sebum and which turns black by oxidation;
- the black dot caused by enlarged pores which are clogged by pollution and all kinds of impurities.
The causes of the appearance of blackheads
Several causes are responsible for the appearance of blackheads, some of which could be corrected.
The increased production of sebum can be caused by changes hormonal which play a role in the condition of the skin: puberty, menopause or taking the pill can lead to increased sebum production.
THE oily and combination skin often have enlarged pores and quite significant sebum production.
Some beauty products, called comedogenic, contain a lot of fatty substances; they can clog pores and cause the appearance of comedones.
A poor diet
THE dairy products and fast sugar, consumed in too large quantities and added to a state of stress, can also be factors responsible for too much sebum production.
When we are stressed, the production of the stress hormone, cortisol, increases. However, there is a link between an increased quantity of cortisol, a hormones you stress, and an increased appearance of acne And of impurities. Therefore, periods of anxiety, emotional shocks, changes (moving, divorce, etc.), or even exam periods can really have an impact on your skin and the appearance of blackheads.
The nicotine has an irritating action on the sebaceous glands. You then produce too much sebum, which can cause the appearance of several skin imperfections such as blackheads, but also microcysts or white spots.
The sun favors thickening of the skin. This thickening blocks the pilosebaceous follicles and prevents the evacuation of sebum. This then causes the formation of black dots. This is one of the reasons why you should make sure to use a sunscreen as soon as you expose yourself!
Should blackheads be pierced?
When the black dot is there and we see it in the morning in our mirror, the first solution that comes to mind is to squeeze it to extract it. However, this is not exactly the right technique to use. Since fingers and nails carry germs, you risk to infect the pore and make the situation worse. Of the redness can appear and the comedo risks becoming infected, especially if you have not completely emptied the pore.
If, despite everything, it is urgent to remove this blackhead which disfigures you, carefully respect the hygiene rules : prepare your skin with a hot towel, disinfect the epidermis as well as your hands, place a tissue between your fingers and the skin to avoid any contamination.
As we will see, it is preferable to use cosmetic treatments to limit their appearance rather than trying to extract them once they are there.
How to avoid blackheads?
Adopt good hygiene gestures daily and use cosmetic products quality will help minimize the appearance of blackheads.
Eat well and drink a lot
To avoid blackheads, eat fruits, which have an action antioxidant beneficial for the skin and which help fight against free radicals and oxidation causing certain blackheads.
THE foods rich in zinc are also a real plus, because they significantly reduce sebum production. This trace element is present in oysters, oilseeds, cocoa, or even legumes.
And to avoid the appearance of black dots, also get into the habit of a lot drink !
A daily facial care routine
A impeccable hygiene and daily facial cleansing are essential. Indeed, pollution, dust and makeup residue are likely to clog pores and cause blackheads. It will be important to use products adapted to your skin, soft and quality. THE cosmetic analysis applications will help you find the face cleanser best suited to your needs.
In the morning, clean your skin well with a sponge, and in the evening, remove makeup from your face before going to bed so that your skin can breathe. Opt for one makeup remover lotion non-comedogenic, suitable for sensitive skin.
Also remember to moisturize your face morning and evening with a specific product. Indeed, body hydration plays an essential role in the quality of the epidermis. The soothing face cream Grangettes Switzerland is composed with moisturizing, non-comedogenic active ingredients, which will take care of your skin!
Weekly facial exfoliation
In your anti-blackhead routine, l'exfoliation is a gesture to be favored. The exfoliating action will eliminate comedones, refine the texture of your skin and tighten pores by accelerating cell regeneration. In order to absorb the sebum and remove all dead skin, it is recommended to practice gentle scrubs and masks once or twice a week. For the face, the best will be a chemical or very fine grain peel which respects the skin while being effective.
The Grangettes solution: The triple action purifying face gel
The purifying face gel Grangettes Switzerland offers three simultaneous actions: it cleanses, moisturizes and exfoliates the skin of the face.
Dermatologically tested, it is certified hypoallergenic and is suitable for sensitive skins. For optimal effectiveness, it is recommended to apply it to the face for one minute morning and evening and rinse with water.
Thanks to its principles natural active ingredients (papaya, coconut and wheat protein), it cleanses your epidermis by purifying, exfoliates and cleans pores by its scrubbing action and improve elasticity of the skin in the moisturizer in depth.
To fight against blackheads, there is no miracle solution, but common sense and impeccable hygiene. Ban the overly aggressive gestures which consist of piercing these nasty little blackheads with more or less clean fingers and nails, which will only aggravate your problem. Adopt a daily beauty care routine with quality products adapted to your skin type. Generally speaking, as with all dermatological problems, we advise you to eat a healthy and balanced diet, to drink at least 1.5 liters of water per day and to play sports. Your skin will only feel better.